Tuesday, May 26, 2020

Essay On Why Is Community / Service Learning Such A Strong...

Why is community/service learning such a strong focus at CCA? We have found that connecting young adults to their community can be extremely beneficial. It not only prepares students for their futures, but it promotes active engagement in the community. Through extensive research, the United Health Group found that volunteering in ones community boosts confidence, promotes friendship, lowers stress levels, and creates an overall sense of achievement. As a parent/guardian how can I get more involved in service? At the beginning of each year we have a meet and greet night where all the parents are invited to meet one another as well as the community mentors that will be working with the students. Additionally, we host a parent Service†¦show more content†¦Therefore, we see it as beneficial to provide students with an opportunity to get out of the classroom and learn â€Å"in the real world.† Having mentors allows students to make connections with members of the community whom they can interact with and learn from. Children are naturally curious; therefore, as educators we feel it is our job to foster this curiosity. Additionally, pairing students with mentors provides the students with a positive role model to look up to. Lastly, by having mentors in the community, children feel a stronger tie to their community. Is CCA a diverse learning environment? Yes! CCA is a diverse learning environment. We recognize that every child is different and has unique needs. As a result, we try to cater to all types of learners. By using project based learning, we allow students to create projects that highlight their skills and talents. Additionally, CCA is dedicated to creating a welcoming, diverse learning environment. We have many clubs that are committed to promoting acceptance and inclusion. Is CCA a safe learning environment? Yes, CCA is committed to providing a safe environment for all students to learn in. According to Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs, an individual’s self-fulfillment needs, such as self-actualization, cannot be reached until basic needs, such as safety, are met. Therefore, we strive to provide our students with a safe environment that is

Friday, May 15, 2020

Essay about DNA, The New Crime Investigator - 1358 Words

DNA, The New Crime Investigator Abstract What is DNA? The scientific definition is â€Å"deoxyribonucleic acid, the biological polymer that stores the genetic information in all free living organisms. Two linear molecules entwine to form the double helix. Now that the definition has been stated, let’s now define what DNA means to a crime scene or case investigator. In the law enforcement business DNA has been introduce as a revolutionary and efficient accurate tool to solve and crack modern and cold cases. It also has played major roles in courtrooms through out the nation on either proven guilt, or revealing the truth behind the innocence on the wrongly accused and convicted by our own court system. DNA has also brought justice to†¦show more content†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¢ Exonerate persons wrongly accused of crimes †¢ Identify crime and catastrophe victims †¢ Establish paternity and other family relationships †¢ Identify endangered and protected species as an aid to wildlife officials †¢ Sexual assault or sex offender tracking †¢ Identify serial crimes. (3) The first case that used DNA analysis was in â€Å"1987 in the Florida v. Andrews case, involving a sexual assault. Police in Orlando, Florida, suspected that one man was involved in over twenty cases of breaking and entering, prowling and attempted sexual assault†. By the use of DNA analysis justice was able to bring this perpetrator to a conviction in a court of law for the sexual crimes that he committed. This case was the first of its kind in the U.S. to bring a suspect to a conviction only on DNA profiling. (4) Since about 1986 DNA testing has been used in approximately 50,000 criminal investigations in the U.S. alone. â€Å"DNA evidence is most often found in sexual assaults. About three-fourths of DNA evidence examined by the FBI and other labs consist of semen specimens. About a third of all FBI test exonerate wrongfully accused men. A quarter of the tests areShow MoreRelatedEssay on Criminal Investigations1096 Words   |  5 PagesCriminal Investigations are ways that crimes are looked at and criminals arrested (In Encyclopà ¦dia Britannica, 2011). It is a huge part of getting criminals off the street. Investigation is a crucial aspect for many different crimes such as, but not limited to, theft, robbery, burglary, arson, murder, and assault. Criminal Investigations can take days or up to many years to solve; some cases are never closed. Not only can investigations last for extended periods of time, the lives of those workingRead MoreCriminal Investigation769 Words   |  4 Pag esAlexander, Armond Criminal Investigations 12 November 2011 American Intercontinental University There are many laws that are put in place to help criminal investigators. The laws are put in place to give the criminal investigators a better chance on solving the crime, be effective and deterrence of future crimes. Aberjhani said, â€Å"Many may very well continue to ask why more value is placed on technicalities of a law than on a man’s flesh and blood life, especially when there is anyRead MoreA Visual Of The Mitochondrial Dna1484 Words   |  6 Pages Figure 2. A visual of the mitochondrial DNA molecule shows where the DNA gets analyzed by forensic geneticists, the hypervariable regions 1 and 2. Figure 3. The results of the TaqMan system containing the DNA numbers from various analyzed sampled. Thesis Discussion DNA phenotyping serves to determine the physical attributes of a specific individual based off of genetic material that was left behind at a crime scene. By being able to determine physical traits such as hairRead MoreLucille Johnson Murder Case Study1470 Words   |  6 PagesCommunity College Instructor: Denise Sizemore The case that I will be discussing is the cold murder case of Lucille Johnson from Salt Lake City, Utah. Unfortunately, at the time of the murder the investigators didn’t take certain evidence serious in the case. The investigators thought that it was just evidence that had no meaning. None the less, it ended up convicting the murderer, John Sansing. On February 1, 1991, Lucille Johnson was brutally murdered in her Utah home. AccordingRead MoreForensic Science Investigators 1153 Words   |  5 Pagesinvestigations begin at the scene of a crime. The scene is simply defined as the actual site or location in which the crime took place. The entire investigation hangs on that one person being able to use techniques to support and investigate the evidence. When it comes to investigating crime, no matter the level of crime, nothing is more important to a criminal investigator than the use of forensic science. Types of forensic science investigations, evidence, and crime laboratory operations all play a roleRead MoreTechnology Makes A Difference?1242 Words   |  5 Pagespart of that. DNA, or deoxyribonucleic acid, is a genetic code that makes every individual unique; because of this fact, DNA has become the most important and most accurate information found at a crime scene. Before Alec Jeffrey’s discovery of DNA profiling in the 80’s, investigators would use fingerprints, and many of the same techniques they use today (Bailey). However, back then it was harder to prosecute the â€Å"right† person simply because anyone’s fingerprints can be at a crime scene, or any accusationRead MoreImagine You Get A Knock On The Door. You Open It, Hesitant,1359 Words   |  6 Pagesarrested for murder; his DNA matched the sample taken from the crime scene. You helped solve a decade-old murder case and turned in your brother simultaneously. This is the result of familial searching. The formal definition of familial searching, according to the National District Attorney Association is: A technique whereby a crime scene profile is deliberately run through the offender databank in the hopes of getting a list of profiles that are genetically similar to the DNA evidence and usingRead MoreForensic Science Technician: I would like to be a Forensic Science Technician, simply because I1600 Words   |  7 Pagesthings they do are run ballistics tests on guns to find the one used in a bank robbery; collect evidence from a crime scene to help understand the chain of events; match DNA samples to reunite a long lost child to his/her family; and solve a crime by matching fingerprints at the crime scene to a suspect. One of the top reasons I would join this career is because I want to be able to solve a crime if someone needs help. The second top reason I would join this career is because I watched CSI all the timeRead MoreHow Catch A Criminal : Instruments And Techniques Used For Investigations1651 Words   |  7 PagesInstruments and Techniques used for Investigations Why are Criminal Investigation and Tools for them Important? We all know of those popular television shows like CSI, Criminal Minds and Law and Order and how they depict the life of Criminal Investigators. They are young, independent, living somewhere on Paradise Island and in their spare time, when not hanging on a beach with a Pina Colada, they get a call about a case needing to be solved immediately. Which they do, by themselves and everyoneRead MoreA Comparison of Private and Public Criminal Investigation Essay1082 Words   |  5 PagesCriminal investigators are professionals in the law enforcement team who try to solve crimes, prevent the occurrence of future crimes, and searching and detaining suspects. The two categories of criminal investigators are private and public criminal investigators. The level of training that these professionals go through is different which leads us to the differences between public and private criminal investigations. Differences and Similarities One major difference between public and private

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Assessment of the Quality of Earning Is Useful to Accounting and Is Ap Essay

Essays on Assessment of the Quality of Earning Is Useful to Accounting and Is Applicable in Controlling the Earnings of a Firm Essay The paper â€Å"Assessment of the Quality of Earning Is Useful to Accounting and Is Applicable in Controlling the Earnings of a Firm" is a   brilliant example of an essay on finance accounting. Quality of earning comes in at the point where an organization that applies conservative accounting realizes a relative change in the manner in which they invest in assets that are used in the investments. An organization may experience a change in earning due to various external or internal reasons. These reasons may involve the change in sales by an increase, or even a relative decrease in the production cost. This may result in high quality earning. However, when the contributors to the change of earnings are external factors, then this is termed to be a low quality of earning.â€Å"The term quality analysis includes the analysis of all financial statements† (Pinto et al 13). The main use of quality of earning includes meeting the analyst’s expectations. An organizationâ⠂¬â„¢s financial analysts require the use of this technique in order to realize their objective. This involves the process of prediction of trends in the financial performance of the firm and earnings from the organization. In most cases, the process of trying to meet the revenue expectation may be the preferred target for the management to realize the revenue recognition processes that may be fraudulent. The attempts of the analysts to find out the short term earning with reference to the achievements of the long term strategies may also embrace the quality of earnings.The other use of quality of earning measurement involves avoiding debt –agreement violations and reducing political cost. The aims of some organizations may include avoiding the violation of earning based debt agreement where the lender may decide to increase the interest rates and call for the repayment immediately.   Some firms may be seen to be too profitable thereby suffer political costs; this calls for the measuring of the quality of earning.In order to meet the bonus plan requirements, an organization may need to carry out quality earning measurements. The best way of managing earnings is in such a way that the executive’s earning the based bonus is maximized. This involves the management of the earnings so that it is maintained above the minimum at all times. Any extra bonus earnings are kept and preserved for the next period. In the process of changing management, a firm needs to carry out earning management too. As a result, the quality of earning takes part as an important factor in the management transition process.For accounting, just calculations alone can’t tell an organization or a firm’s net earnings. It requires analysis and subjective inputs by accountants in order to determine thus, the need for quality earning a determination. In so doing, there must be a consideration of the micro and the macro business environment from which the business oper ates (Powers et al 622). The accounting situation does not give the complete accuracy of this evaluation, and determining any manipulations in the financial statements; instead, an analysis of the quality of earnings becomes more confirmatory in accounting situations.From the above discussion, it is made clear that the assessment of the quality of earning is useful to accounting and is applicable in controlling the earnings of a firm.   Some of the uses include assisting the analyst in coming up with realistic pictures of what the company’s earnings are like. The other factor that it applies includes the political view of the assumed profits and handling of debts in an efficient manner. As such, maintaining the quality of earnings requires the analysis of external and internal environments thereby maintaining the required standards of earnings.

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Church in my life. free essay sample

It took me about seventeen years to realize how important church was to me. Each and Every day life changing events happens to us, and other people around the world. Those events can be as plain as waking up in the morning and finding a hundred dollar bill on the table, as shocking as the death of a family member or a friend, or as puzzling as an African American at the head of the United States of America’s government. Something incredible happened in my life that reintroduced me to and made me realize the importance of church. I was born in a family with a very religious mother, so I was initiated with the Christian doctrine at a very early age. As a young boy, going to church was never something I looked forward to unlike going to a fair or the circus; I only went because everybody else did; I really wanted to assure a spots in heaven, and my mother forced me. We will write a custom essay sample on Church in my life. or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page In 2004, the year I moved to Georgia, I was introduced by a friend to a church called life church international; I wasn’t very interested, but since on Wednesday the youth service offered food and beverages with no charge; I was vigorous to go. The church became a place where â€Å"the neighborhood kids†, that’s what we were called, and the regular attendee assembled up to eat and play basketball before the service and when time for the actual â€Å"church† part of it to start, most of us left and the ones who stayed used that time to socialize with each other instead of listening and learning. One Wednesday, I can’t specifically remember the exact date, after being confronted by the pastor about my bad regular routine of parting right before the service commenced, I was determine to stay. So after shooting some hoops I went in the church. Before the service begun they played some dull game that didn’t make sense, at least not to me, then the youth pastor played a song requesting everyone to find a spot in the room and ponder. After the meditation, he sermonized for a while; encouraging anyone who desired to accept Jesus as their lord and savior to go to one of the youth leaders on the stage and get prayed for. Let me just tell you this, I wasn’t going to, what an embarrassment it would have been if my friends saw me actually listening to all this church stuff; so I patiently waited in my seat for someone else to go. The whole time a voice within was daring me to go up and get prayed for; I couldn’t resist so I audaciously went up to the stage t o see what it was all about. As I reached the stage, I could have sworn my heart skipped a beat; it was as if I entered a whole new world. Jonathan, The pastor, laid his hand on me and asked me if I was ready to accept Jesus as my lord and savior, I slowly answered â€Å"yes† but with a lot of doubt, he repeated the question, and my answer was the same; he prayed over me, kindly asking me to repeat his words. After the prayer, I sat down on my seat and quietly listen to the song. As the song went along, something hit me real hard; I was feeling bizarre. Thoughts came upon my head; I was remind of all the misfortunes and awful events that have happened in my life, and how the lord still cared, and was kind enough to wake me up every morning. Maybe I was meant to go up on the stage and get prayed for I thought. Unexpectedly, uncontrollable tears began falling out my eyes; I got on my knees and prayed. It was probably the most honest praying I ever did in my entire life; the pastor came back and put his han d over me to comfort me; I felt fully alive and free. I then realized that this precious life we possess is nothing without God. The reason I said that this event was life changing is because after that night I was not the same. After that night I felt liberated from all the wrong I had done which were holding me back trough all those years. I wasn’t a shame of saying â€Å"yes† when people asked me if I was a Christian or if I attended church every Wednesday. I felt free to be who I wanted to be not who others expected me to be. It did not only help me to live life as a Christian but to live life as a fresh and improved being.

Monday, April 13, 2020

5 Steps to a Successful Personal Statement

The college application consists of many pieces, but the one that ties it all together is the personal statement. With so much pressure to produce your best piece of writing, where do you begin? We asked Marcella Manoharan, co-founder of Cambridge Coaching, to show us the way: Your personal statement. Maybe you’ve thought about it, or maybe you haven’t. Maybe you have images, or an anecdote, or an argument floating through your imagination – or maybe you don’t. Either way, my first piece of advice is: stay cool, this will get done. My next piece of advice? Pretend your personal statement is something you have to build from the ground up. Like a lego set, or a piece of furniture, or a house. Then: follow the steps. I know what you’re thinking: what are the steps? That’s what this blog post is for. Follow these steps and I promise you will have a personal statement. These steps are fail-safe. Step #1: Brainstorm The idea is to loosen your mind and imagination, and to let the stories just sorta flow. But this is much, much easier said than done. The vast majority of our clients at Cambridge Coaching find this sort of looseness very difficult to achieve. This is a little like going to yoga class and being told to think about nothing, to let your mind relax, and then, obviously, thinking about EVERYTHING, including that quesadilla you’re going to get right after class. The point is it’s hard to get loose about the most important things in your life at the most important moment in your life. So, what can you do? Brainstorm within a structure. I recommend a simple grid. On one axis, list your most important resume experiences (soccer, soup kitchen, the school play, etc.). On the other axis, list themes: leadership, adversity, community, impact, team, etc. Now: rather than brainstorming about your whole life, you can brainstorm about pairs of experiences and themes. So, the time you mobilized your class to volunteer at the soup kitchen could be an example of leadership, for instance. Do this for at least 3 – 5 experiences. Step #2: Outline You’ve heard it from your teachers in English: outline, outline. Believe in the power of the outline. Even for the personal statement. Actually scratch that: especially for the statement. Embarking on the personal statement without an outline is a little like trying to build a house without a blueprint: bad idea. I recommend two or more rounds of outlining. In the first round, or the sketch outline, you’ll articulate your thesis and make a rough plan for where your ideas and narratives will go. In the next round, you’ll sharpen the plan, which means you’ll create topic sentences and firm up what evidence goes where. At this point, it should be possible to understand the logic of the essay by looking just at the topic sentences. Don’t move on until you have distilled the topic sentences into clear, logical points in your argument. Step #3: Draft The moment you’ve been waiting for: the actual writing. You have music going, herbal tea, scented candles. It’s like a trance, except you’re staring at the blank screen and you realize you have no idea what you’re doing. What do you do now? Open the outline and write directly into it. This is why you went through the trouble of creating it! So that when you reached this awful moment, there would be something for you to do. Remember: the outline is your roadmap, your Google maps. Don’t know where you’re going? Follow the outline. And the converse is also true: deviate from the outline at your peril. Step #4: Edit Finally, you have a real, live draft. Nope, you’re not done. Now, lay it aside – minimum of 24 hours – and come back to the draft after you’ve taken space. Here are the questions to ask yourself: Is the point of each paragraph clear? Do you have topic sentences, either implicit or explicit? Does your evidence line up with your topic sentences? Are you using the simplest language to express your ideas? Editing is iterative. You need at least 2 – 3 rounds of this process. Don’t rush it; keep rereading. Now is the time to be a little harsh, too. Cut words, reframe ideas, push yourself to be as clear as possible. Step #5: Polish This is the fun part! The window-dressing. Polishing and proofreading are about making the best possible impression on your readers. I am fond of two strategies in particular, both of which start with printing the document. Then, first strategy is to read the essay aloud. You will catch anything clunky or awkward this way. Second strategy is to hold a piece of paper up to the document and read it line by line slowly. Hey, you’ve come this far! Just use both strategies and call it perfect. Okay, so I said 5 steps, but I lied a little. There’s a sixth step for those of you who want some support in this process. If you would like a guide, a mentor, a reader, and an editor to keep you on the right track, contact Cambridge Coaching! This is what we do, and we have been getting awesome students like you into the best colleges, including all Ivies, since 2005. How crazy would it be if the college process could actually be just a teensy bit fun? And, you got into the school of your choice? #anythingispossible

Wednesday, March 11, 2020

How did Dickens change the character of Scrooge Essay Example

How did Dickens change the character of Scrooge Essay Example How did Dickens change the character of Scrooge Paper How did Dickens change the character of Scrooge Paper Essay Topic: Literature Life in Victorian times was often hard. There were rich people and also lots of poor people at that time. Charles Dickens wrote this book to make people aware of the plight of the children of the Poor. A Christmas Carol is a novella that describes a character called Ebenezer Scrooge who was a greedy old man who was tight-fisted, miserly, squeezing, wrenching and scraping. He was a man who had a hard heart as the shell of a cloyster. Scrooge was an emotionally cold man who had no passion for anybody. Due to all his sinful acts, the ghost of his long gone partner and friend Joseph Marley visited him and told him he would be visited by three ghosts, Ghost of his Christmas Past, Present and Future if he did not change. After he had been visited by all these ghosts the transformation in his life began and he finally became a jovial, cheerful hearted person. At the beginning of the novella, Scrooges character was unbearable and was also awful to people. Scrooge never liked Christmas or Charity. Caring for the poor of the sick were not his best behavior. He didnt even care and show love to his workers especially Bob Crachit his clerk. He showed his hatred to Bob Crachit by not giving him coal to replenish his fire even though Bob did not have enough. He always kept an eye on the clerk to see if he was working or not. Scrooge also showed a bad attitude to his nephew who came to him and asked him if he would come and dine with them on Christmas day. Scrooge refused and called Christmas Humbug he also said to his nephew . What right have you to be merry? Youre poor enough. But the nephew behaved in a more reasonable way by not replying in a violent manner. Scrooge also behaved greedily by not giving money to the gentlemen who came for money to the poor. But not only did scrooge behaved greedily but he also used abusive words saying . If they would rather die, they better do it, and decrease the surplus population.. . On Christmas Eve Scrooge was visited by the ghost of his long gone friend/partner Jacob Marley. Scrooge was scared seeing Jacob Marley and he was shocked at the tone at the way Marley spoke. Marley knew that Scrooge didnt believed in him so he went straight to the point about why he had come. He told Scrooge that he should change his ways. He should start liking Christmas and he should give to charity and his behavior should improve. Marley also warned him that if he does not change his ways he would be working all over the earth like he was, that he wouldnt move on after death. He also told Scrooge that he would be visited by three ghosts, Ghost of Christmas Past, ghost of Christmas present and ghost of Christmas Future ( If he does not change). Jacob Marley also told Scrooge to change for the better so that he would have real when he dies. Scrooge thought on what Marley said when Marley went and he was quite prepared for the first ghost. At the struck of One oclock. Scrooge woke up and from the curtains came a brighten shine light. And lo and Behold there was a soft gentle voice which called Scrooge and took him to the town where he studied in school as a boy. As a boy Scrooge was lonely and was often in the boarding school even when his friends went home for holidays. This was due to the hatred of his father towards him Scrooge often red fantasy storybooks like Ali Baba to comfort himself. Scrooge felt very sad for his younger self. The ghost asked him what was wrong but Scrooge answered oh nothing, there was a boy singing a Christmas Carol at my door last night, I should like to have given him something thats all. The ghost smiled. The ghost later showed him the Feeziwigs party where scrooge learnt that it wasnt wealth that matters it is the state of your heart. After Scrooge observed the way the Feeziwigs treated there workers Scrooge wished he could say a word or two to his clerk Bob Crachit. A;; this things the ghost were showing him were for him to see how his past was and what made him a selfish, greedy man that he was. The ghost then showed him his fianci e Belle who he neglected in favour of the wealth. Scrooge sees Belles happy family and realizes what he had missed. He shows this saying The children of Belle might had called me father He showed grieve saying Remove me from this place Remove me! Take me back, Haunt me no longer! . The ghost saw that he felt bad and he wished he had longer. People speak of Scrooge in bad way, Example of one these people is Mrs. Crachit who was very angry when her husband said a toast should be given to Scrooge. She shows this by saying I wish I had him here. Id give him a piece of my mind to feast upon, and I hope hed have a good appetite for it. When Scrooge heard this he felt morose and remorse, sad. He felt as if he had been a good man from the start of his life. Also from the beginning of the chapter we saw that the transformation in Scrooges life as started picking up speed because he said to the ghost of the Christmas Present I want to learn something from what you would show me. After that the ghost showed him all around to the countryside where he saw people that are not all that wealthy but celebrate Christmas. Scrooge learnt from them. The ghost led Scrooge to his nephew Fred to go and show him how Christmas is celebrated there. In Freds house Fred and is friends, cousins played a guessing game where people had to guess who Fred was thinking about. It was Freds turn and he said someone was an animal who was he. Everybody guessed who it was but they failed until Freds cousin said Scrooge and she was right. But Fred gave a toast to Scrooge without feeling bad. Scrooge feeling bad as well. At the Crachits house Scrooge looked at tiny Time and he asked the ghost maybe he would live. But unfortunately the ghost said if Scrooge doesnt change the boy would die. The ghost also used Scrooges words against him .. What then? If he like to die, he had better do it and decrease the surplus population.. Scrooge was overcome with grief and penitence because his own words had been used against him. After the visit of the last scary ghost (Phantom) Scrooge met himself inside is bedroom his curtains, furniture and his bed were still there. He remembered the promise he had made to the phantom saying I will live in the Past, The Present and the Future The spirits of all three shall strive within me . He truly wanted to keep his promise. On Christmas morning Scrooge started enjoying Christmas and he sent a whole large Turkey to the Crachits family. He also told the two men in the beginning of the novella that he would also contribute to Charity. From this part the language Scrooge uses were jovial, light-hearted, cheerful, good honored language. Scrooge became a jovial and happy man. He greeted everyone he found one the way Merry Christmas. He had become a totally changed man. We know this due to the language he uses in the beginning of the novella which were miserable, pathetic and were not joyful. He normally uses words like Bah, Humbug which means rubbish. He also used an awful language against the men that came to him for the money for Charity, Scrooge never liked anything good but again he never uses his money to enjoy himself. Scrooge had changed in all circumstances. He liked Christmas. He never despises the poor again and he gives to Charity. He enjoyed working with Bob Crachit again he doubled Bobs salary so that he could feed his starving family much better. He also saw that Tiny Tim does not die and he became more like a father to him. In the whole novella Charles Dickens showed how a greedy old man changes through all the sights and experiences he has learnt to became a joyful and happy man. Charles Dickens also made us know that behavior like Scrooges would get one nowhere in life. It also makes us know or learn that one should be responsible for each other.

Monday, February 24, 2020

Reading Response of the TWO readings Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 words

Reading Response of the TWO readings - Assignment Example ng at their own homes to workshops and factories, where tea became part of daily routines, replacing gin and beer as the national beverage.2 In â€Å"A Taste of Empire, 1600-1800,† James Walvin argues that the demand for luxury staples, such as sugar, tea, tobacco, and chocolate, are products of social and economic changes in British life. He asserts that the demand for tea increased because Britain also became a world superpower who used slavery trade and wars to attain their economic ends.3 Both Pomeranz and Topik and Walvin agree that tea is related to trade and colonialism because it is a product of international trade and demand for it increased because of the need for other luxury staple products. Pomeranz and Topik and Walvin note the increasing demand for tea using the same information that tea became popular in Europe during the eighteenth century because of cheaper sweeteners. They are also similar in addressing the slave trade that became an important driver to reducing the prices of sugar and to highlighting the role of trade to expanding colonialism. Walvin asserts that the slave trade decreased sugar prices,4 and Pomeranz and Topik agree that the â€Å"availability of cheap sweetener† encouraged tea consumption.5 What is different between the two is that Pomeranz and Topik focus on workshops and factories as main social influencers of tea consumption,6 while Walvin is more general in emphasizing that even the poor in Europe, especially in Britain, dr ank tea in large amounts.7 Walvin further informs the text of Pomeranz and Topik by describing the slave trade, and how Britain’s rise as a commercial and military power played a role in its global trade goals and practices,8 whereas Pomeranz and Topik shows how the British used the Opium War to manage its tea trade with China.9 Pomeranz, Kenneth, and Steven Topik, eds. â€Å"Brewing Up a Storm.† The World that Trade Created: Society, Culture, and the World Economy, 1400 to the Present. NY: M.E. Sharpe